KPS Partners and the Fiber Reactor™ offer innovative solutions for improving the performance and
    economics of  conventional natural oil or biodiesel refineries.

    In a conventional refinery, crude oils are filtered and pretreated to remove water and other
    naturally occurring contaminants such as gums and free fatty acids. The process, in two separate
    liquid phases, requires mechanical dispersion with powerful mixers to combine the crude oil with
    chemical reactants and expensive centrifuges to subsequently separate the clean oil product out of
    the solution.

    The Fiber Reactor™, as a static process, maintains greater efficiencies, greater yields and
    throughput than existing commercial refining processes. It eliminates dispersions and combines
    degumming and neutralizing phases into a single continuous-flow process. Optional biodiesel
    conversion extends the continuous flow process in a single stage with no separation time.

    Proven applications include:
    • Removing gums from vegetable oil (Degumming)
    • Removing Free Fatty Acids from vegetable oil and animal fats (Neutralizing)
    • Rapid biodiesel synthesis from multiple natural oils, including:
     Soybean Oil, Corn Oil, Canola Oil, Cottonseed  Oil, Algae Oil, etc.

    Fiber technology eliminates:
    • Mixers (ultrasonic, cavitation, etc.) and mixing time
    • Centrifuges and separation time
    • Soapstock and lost oil

    The micro-fiber reactor creates 60X greater reactive surface area than 100 micron
    dispersion typical of conventional processors, making it ultra-efficient by comparison.
    Separation of phases is simple and effective because they are never dispersed. At the end
    of the process, the refined biodiesel flows directly to storage tanks, while the other
    components of the mix are recycled and reused.  The unit is also designed to operate at
    low temperature and low pressure making it safer and more energy efficient than
    traditional reactors.

    No mixing or separation provides:
    Greater throughput for improved productivity
    • Reduced size and complexity of refineries
    • Reduced capital expense
    • Reduced energy consumption
    • Reduced maintenance expense
    • Improved yield

    For a fully integrated refinery, production costs using the Fiber Reactor™ process is 24
    cents per gallon. This includes the cost of chemicals, utilities, maintenance and payroll.
    For a comparable conventional plant, the cost is 61 cents per gallon.

    With EPA Renewable Fuel Standards mandating ever greater fuel capacity, scalability of
    the technology becomes important to any producer considering upgrades to an existing
    facility or planning new refinery construction. A key benefit of the technology is the
    flexibility to scale to whatever capacity may be required for optimizing the plant
    configuration, dictated by site specifics, available feedstock and infrastructure.

    The Fiber Reactor™ process is based on proven technology in the global petrochemical
    market for almost 40 years. It is scalable from 10 thousand gallons per year, at lab scale,
    to 100 million gallons per year for large industrial production. It also proves economical
    and effective for community-based, distributed refining models where individual
    producers, agricultural and community coops may take advantage of micro-refineries for
    local or regional implementation.

    Proposed projects in support of community-scale applications include a 500 thousand
    gallon per year portable, self contained refinery installed on a standard 8’ x 40’ flatbed
    trailer or in a modified container depending on the application. The ability to transport
    the refinery provides even greater opportunity to reduce total costs by eliminating many
    transportation, storage and distribution costs of larger centralized facilities.
8500 Chalk Knoll Dr. , Austin, TX 78735    Tel  512.669.9390    eFax 636.277.2098